Domestic violence against women: A field study in Turkey
Factors affecting domestic violence against women in four Turkish cities (Adiyaman, Sivas, Denizli and Kirklareli) having different socioeconomic structures, are analyzed in this study. These factors consist of social, cultural, economic and psychological factors. In contrast to what we expected based on earlier literature, family income level has a positive relationship with violence. Logistic regression analysis also revealed that being a university graduate and having a personal income decreases the prevalence of violence as expected. However, working women and women with children are more prone to domestic violence. Again, there is a strong association between the neighborhood where the family lives and the incidence of violence. The extent of male dominance, as measured by the question "How are decisions taken in the family" is also associated with domestic violence: woman is less likely to be abused in households where decisions are taken collectively. Likewise, families where women have to set permission from the husband to carry out certain activities, have an increased incidence of suffering from husband's violence. Psychological factors, like being abused or having witnessed violence as a child, are also significantly correlated with domestic violence. (C) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.