Geochemical characteristics of the composite Kaqkar batholith generated in a Neo-Tethyan convergence system, Eastern Pontides, Turkey
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The composite Kackar batholith, of Cretaceous to Late Eocene age, consists of various intrusions derived from different geodynamic settings ranging from early to mature arc, through collision, to post-collisional extension in the Neo-Tethyan convergence system of the eastern Pontides of NE Turkey. The intrusions were emplaced into Cretaceous and Middle Eocene volcano-sedimentary units, and are unconformably overlain by Late Cretaceous, Early to Middle Eocene and Miocene units. The 10 lithological units are grouped into five geodynamic associations on the basis of geological setting and eochemical characteristics: (1) early arc origin as represented by the medium-K calc-alkaline (CALK) qamlikaya granitoid of Early Cretaceous age, (2) mature arc origin as represented by the medium- to high-K calc-alkaline Sirtyayla and Marselevat granitoids of Late Cretaceous to Early Palaeocene age, (3) syn-collisional plutonism as represented by the peraluminous Asniyor leucogranite of Palaeocene age, (4) post-collisional plutonism as represented by the high-K calc-alkaline Ayder K-feldspar megacrystic granitoid and the Sasmistal microgranite of Middle to Late Eocene age, (5) the extension-related, mildly alkaline Gullubag monzonite, the medium-K calc-alkaline to slightly tholeiitic (THOL) Halkalitas quartz diorite, and the low-K tholeiitic Arde en gabbro and Isina diabase of Late Eocene age that are mainly exposed as small, shallow stocks and N-S, NE-SW, NW-SE and E-W trending veins. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.