Vascular adhesion and transendothelial migration of eosinophil leukocytes
Tissues respond to injury with inflammation in an effort to protect and repair the damaged site. During inflammation, leukocytes typically accumulate in response to certain chemicals produced within the tissue itself. The passage of leukocytes through the vascular lumen into tissues occurs in several phases, including rolling, activation, firm adhesion, transendothelial migration, and subendothelial migration. Although infiltration of eosinophil leukocytes is one of the most important aspects of allergic inflammatory reactions, eosinophils also participate in nonallergic inflammation. Eosinophil accumulation is regulated not only by endothelial adhesion molecules, but also by interactions between eosinophil adhesion molecules and extracellular matrix elements. This review summarizes the regulation of eosinophil leukocyte adhesion and migration. A better understanding of eosinophil recruitment responses may lead to the development of novel therapeutics for chronic allergic diseases.