Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever [K?r?m-Kongo hemorajik ateşi]
Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) virus is a tick-borne virus, which is a member of Bunyaviridae family, Nairovirus genus. CCHF virus has been isolated from 31 different tick species so far, and genus Hyalomma includes the basic vectors of which H.anatolicum, H.marginatum, H.detritum, H.dromedarii, H.excavatum and H.turanicum are frequently found in the geography in which Turkey takes place. The virus is transmitted via the bite of infected ticks or direct contact with CCHF infected patients and the products of infected animals. Following 2-9 days incubation period, the disease abruptly starts with fever, feeling cold, shivering, headache, muscle and joint aches. After a few days hemorrhage develops at various parts of the body. Since an effective vaccine and a specific antiviral therapy have not been found yet, the high mortality rate which may reach to 10-60%, and a wide geography affecting approximately 40 countries including Turkey, CCHF attracts the attention of both scientific and mediatic world, in recent years. In this article, the structure, vectors and reservoirs of CCHF virus, together with the epidemiology, clinical features, laboratory diagnosis and strategies of treatment and prevention, have been reviewed.