Evaluation of the effects of age, gender, education and income levels on the tooth loss and prosthetic treatment [Yaş, cinsiyet, eğitim durumu ve gelir düzeyinin, diş kaybi ve protetik tedaviler üzerindeki etkilerinin değerlendirilmesi]
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of age, gender, education and income levels of the patients on their teeth losses and prosthodontic needs. Materials and Methods: This study was performed on 615 patients who were referred to the Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Cumhuriyet University. Age, gender, education and income levels and teeth losses of the patients were recorded. Furthermore, prosthodontic treatments, removable partially denture designs and the colors of the dentures were noted. The data were analyzed with Chi- Square test (A=0,05). Results: The most incidence of tooth loss was seen in the molar region. Moreover, there was a significant difference between education and income levels and prosthodontic needs (p=0,001). On the other hand, no significant difference was found between gender and edentolousness (p=0,381), and edentulousness and income level (p=0,334). However, there was a significant difference between education level and edentulousness (p=0,005). In addition, full palatal plaque (in the upper jaw) and lingual bar (in the lower jaw) were the most used removable partially denture designs. It was found that the most preferred color in both removable and fixed dentures was A2. Conclusions: Improving knowledge level of the patient about oral health should be required. Thus, this enables decreasing tooth loss and high ratio of the removable prosthodontic need.