A comparison of the effects of desflurane, sevoflurane and propofol on QT, QTc, and P dispersion on ECG
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The aim of this prospective, randomized, and double-blinded study was to compare the effects of desflurane, sevoflurane, propofol on both atrial and ventricular wall function by measurement of QT dispersion (QTd), corrected QT dispersion (QTcd), and P dispersion (Pd) on electrocardiogram (ECG). Forty-six patients from the American Society of Anesthesiologists class I-II undergoing noncardiac surgery, were enrolled in this study. Patients were randomly allocated to receive desflurane, sevoflurane or propofol anesthesia. ECG recordings were taken before and after 5 minutes of drug administration. Induction with desflurane significantly increased the QTd compared to baseline (38 ± 2 ms vs. 62 ± 6 ms, P < 0.05). Sevoflurane and propofol anesthesia was not associated with any changes in QTd. QTcd was increased with desflurane induction and decreased with sevoflurane and propofol induction, but this decrease was only significant in the propofol group (67 ± 5 ms vs. 45 ± 3 ms, P < 0.05). Pd was significantly increased after induction with desflurane (34 ± 3 vs. 63 ± 6 ms, P < 0.05). There was a signiflcant increase in QTd and Pd in desflurane group, but this increment did not cause any dangerous arrhythmias. QTcd signiflcantly decreased in propofol group. We believe that further investigations are required for using desflurane as safe as sevoflurane and propofol in noncardiac surgery patients who have high cardiac arrhythmia and ischemia risk.