Bone quality and quantity measurement techniques in dentistry
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In dentistry, finding a reliable method for measurement mineral density of bone and bone strength in jaw bones is not only beneficial for implant planning, but also benefical in early diagnosis of diseases which effects the mineral density of bone like osteoporosis. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) method is considered as a gold standard for measurement of bone mineral density in medicine. DXA yields quantitative information on bone structure. In addition DXA, imaging methods which given detailed qualitative information have been developed. Finding a method, which can be also applied on jaw bones and will not damage to the patient and offering a correct information that might be contrubute in dentistry especially with respect to implant and periodontal operations. The aim of the present article, is to provide basic information to reader from past to present about main procedures on assessment of bone structure also including jaw bones and the advantages and disadvantages of these methods.