Aminopyrazole-substituted metallophthalocyanines: Preparation, aggregation behavior, and investigation of metabolic enzymes inhibition properties
Kocyigit, Umit M.
Arslan, Baris S.
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The synthesis, characterization, aggregation behavior, theoretical studies, and investigation of antimicrobial, antidiabetic, and anticholinergic properties of 4-(2-(5-amino-4-(4-bromophenyl)-3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)ethoxy)phthalonitrile (2) and its soluble aminopyrazole-substituted peripheral metallo (Mn, Co, and Ni)-phthalocyanine complexes (3-5) are reported for the first time. The synthesized compounds and phthalocyanine complexes were characterized spectroscopically. The new phthalonitrile derivative (2) and its peripheral metallophthalocyanine complexes (3-5) were found to be effective inhibitors of alpha-glycosidase, acetylcholinesterase (AChE), human carbonic anhydrase I and II isoforms (hCA I and II), and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) with K-i values in the range of 1.55 +/- 0.47 to 10.85 +/- 3.43 nM for alpha-glycosidase, 8.44 +/- 0.32 to 21.31 +/- 7.91 nM for hCA I, 11.73 +/- 2.82 to 31.03 +/- 4.81 nM for hCA II, 101.62 +/- 26.58 to 326.54 +/- 89.67 nM for AChE, and 68.68 +/- 11.15 to 109.53 +/- 19.55 nM for BChE. This is the first study of peripherally substituted phthalocyanines containing an aminopyrazole group as potential carbonic anhydrase enzyme inhibitor. Also, the antimicrobial activities of the synthesized compounds were evaluated against six microorganisms (four bacteria and two Candida species) using the broth microdilution method. The gram-positive bacteria were detected to be more sensitive than gram-negative bacteria and yeasts in the synthesized compounds.