The Effect of Music on Auditory Hallucination and Quality of Life in Schizophrenic Patients: A Randomised Controlled Trial
The study was conducted to determine the effects of music on auditory hallucination and quality of life in schizophrenic patients. The sample of this randomised controlled study consisted of 28 patients (14 experimental and 14 control groups) hospitalised with a diagnosis of schizophrenia (DSM-IV) and auditory hallucination. The study data were collected with the Information Form, The Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS), Characteristics of Auditory Hallucinations Questionnaire, and The World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale (WHOQOL-BREF). The hallucination, positive formal thought, and total SAPS scores of the patients in the experimental group obtained during their hospitalisation were determined to be higher than those obtained at discharge and at follow-ups after discharge. The characteristics of auditory hallucination questionnaire scores of the patients in the experimental and control groups decreased. The physical, mental, environmental, and national environmental domain scores of the quality of life in the experimental group increased at sixth month after discharge. Listening to music had positive effects on positive symptoms and the quality of life of patients with auditory hallucination. In line with these results, listening to music may be recommended to cope with auditory hallucinations and to provide positive quality of life.