Comparison of In Vitro Effects of Opioid Analgesics on Spontaneous Proximal and Distal Colon Contractions in Healthy Rats and Rats with Peritonitis
Kol, Iclal Ozdemir
Mimaroglu, Mehmet Caner
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Objective: The goal of this study was to investigate and compare the effects of opioids on proximal and distal colon contractions in normal rats and rats with peritonitis, with and without the presence of naloxone in the environment. Methods: The study was approved by Cumhuriyet University Ethics committee. In this study, 16 Wistar Albino male rats were used. Rats were divided into two groups. Peritonitis was induced using a cecum ligation and perforation method, 24 h before the tissues of rats in the peritonitis group were collected, and sham surgery was performed 24 h before the tissues of rats in the control group were collected. Twenty-four hours after the surgery, rats' organs were harvested and hung in organ baths. Concentration-dependent inhibitory effects of morphine and meperidine on spontaneous intestinal movements were observed. Any differences between the groups were tested using the Kruskal-Wallis test, and any differences between the groups were tested using the Tukey test. Results: No significant difference was observed between the proximal and distal colon smooth muscle contraction responses in both groups after 80 mM Potassium Chloride (KCl) injection (p>0.005). In the peritonitis group, amplitudes and frequencies of spontaneous contractions in proximal and distal colon significantly increased (p<0.05). Drugs decreased the amplitude and frequency responses in the control group (p<0.05). In the peritonitis group, whereas morphine decreased the amplitude and frequency responses in comparison with the control group (p<0.05), meperidine did not cause any significant changes (p>0.05). In both groups, adding naloxone to the organ baths before adding opioids completely blocked the morphine's inhibitory effect on the amplitude and frequency (p<0.05), but it could not completely block the inhibition caused by meperidine. Conclusion: Morphine and meperidine exhibit an inhibitory effect on the intestinal motility in both groups. This effect can be blocked by naloxone completely in morphine, and partially in meperidine.