Technical and Pattern Analysis of some Group of Anatolian Carpets which Belong to the Kangal District
It is well-known that weaving has been carried out in Sivas and its counties, one of the important weaving centers of Anatolia, since the years when the Turks migrated to Anatolia. The widespread weaving in the countryside, however, has been disappearing due to many reasons today. With handicrafts and one of its important branch, weaving, carried out for centuries in Anatolia, have been officially involved in the protection of intangible cultural heritage, work on Kirkit textiles has gained importance-especially for carpets which are found to be for use in personally-owned collections. Documentation is being made because they cannot be officially protected. For this purpose, by taking photos of the carpets, it is necessary to issue identity documents together with their technical and aesthetic qualities, and further, to record it. In this study, which is aimed to determine the regional character of the Kangal carpets, to protect and renew the patterns, the hand-woven carpets existing in the villages of Akcamagara, Alacahan, Kuzyaka, and Saripinar villages of Kangal in Sivas province, were examined. By creating information forms from the data obtained in the research, the technical, pattern and motif characteristics of the carpets were determined and some carpet photographs were arranged in a digital environment and the patterns were made weavable. In addition, statistical data for the carpets, color, motif, quality, and product type, were created and interpreted. According to the purpose of usage of 25 carpets examined, it was determined that they were weaved with seven different shapes and sizes, including pillows, bowls, portraits, tables, carpets, divan carpets, cushions, and wall carpets. The quality of the coiled carpet is mostly composed of fine 40 x 40 and 50 x 50, extra fine 60 x 60. A total of number of 11 colors were employed, including brown, yellow, blue, orange, buff, and pink, with the main colors being red, black, white, green, and gray.