Frequency of familial Mediterranean fever (MEFV) gene mutations in patients with biopsy-proven primary glomerulonephritis
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Primary glomerulopathies are those disorders that affect glomerular structure, function, or both in the absence of a multisystem disorder. We aimed to evaluate the frequency of MEFV gene mutation to show possible coexistence of FMF in patients diagnosed with biopsy-proven primary glomerulonephritis (GN). A total of 64 patients with biopsy-proven primary GN were included in the study. MEFV gene mutations examined retrospectively. The mean age of patients was 39.6 +/- 13.4 (range 18-69), 35 of patients were female and 29 of patients were male. Of the 64 patients, 17 were mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis (MsPGN), 15 were IgA nephropathy (IgAN), 12 were membranous glomerulonephritis (MGN), 11 were focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), three were membranous proliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN), three were immune complex glomerulonephritis (ICGN), two were minimal change disease (MCD), and one was IgM nephropathy (IgMN). MEFV gene mutation was detected in 35.9% (23) of these patients. The most frequently detected mutations were E148Q and M694V. Twelve cases (18.75% of GN patients) with MEFV gene mutation were diagnosed as FMF phenotype I. The frequency of MEFV gene mutation was detected at a high rate of 35.9%. Further studies with larger populations are needed to clarify the importance of these mutations on clinical progression of glomerulonephritis.