G-quadruplex and calf thymus DNA interaction of quaternized tetra and octa pyridyloxy substituted indium (III) phthalocyanines
The interactions of small molecules with G-quadruplex and double stranded DNA are important due to their potential biological and medical usages. In the present paper, the interactions of indium (III) phthalocyanines (quaternized 2,3,9,10,16,17,23,24-octakis-[(3-pyridyloxy) phthalocyaninato] chloroindium(III): OInPc and quaternized 2(3),9(10),16(17),23(24)-tetrakis-[(3-pyridyloxy) phthalocyaninato] chloroindium(III): TInPc) with hybrid G-quadruplex (Tel 21) and parallel G-quadruplexes (nucleolin, KRAS, c-MYC, vegf) were studied. The interactions of these phthalocyanines with ctDNA were also investigated. These interactions were measured by different spectroscopic techniques such as UV-Vis, fluorescence and circular dichroism. The UV-Vis spectroscopic data treated with Benesi-Hildebrand equation and Benesi-Hildebrand constants (K-BH) were calculated. These constants were found higher for octa peripheral pyridyloxy substituted phthalocyanine, OInPc. Besides, UV-Vis analysis showed that the interaction of G-quadruplexes with tetra peripheral pyridyloxy substituted phthalocyanine derivative (TInPc) resulted in removal of central indium (III) atom from the cavity of phthalocyanine macrocycle. The UV-Vis melting studies as well as fluorescence replacement techniques were also employed for clarification of mechanism. The binding mode of molecules with ct DNA was also supported with viscosity measurements. From the results, the stabilization and destabilization of G-quadruplex depending on the concentration of the OInPc and TInPc showed that these two indium (III) phthalocyanines have the potential of both the elucidation role of G-quadruplexes in gene expression and the usage in cancer therapy.