Effects of Ankaferd BloodStopper on bone healing in an ovariectomized osteoporotic rat model
Kazancioglu, Hakki Oguz
Acar, Ahmet Huseyin
Inan, Deniz Sahin
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Bone defects resulting from oncological surgical resections, congenital facial anomalies, trauma or infection represent a significant and common clinical problem. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of a commercially-available medicinal plant extract product, Ankaferd BloodStopper (ABS), on bone healing. The present study was performed on 24 female ovariectomized (OVX) rats. A defect on each rat calvarium was created using a trephine burr prior to the rats being divided into two groups. Defects were grafted with a gelatin sponge soaked with normal saline (control group) or plant extract (experimental group). Half of the animals were sacrificed after 2 weeks and the others after 4 weeks. In the control group, the defects were not filled with regenerated bone. By contrast, in the experimental group, all defect areas had an increased amount of regenerated bone and connective tissue. Osteoblastic activity appeared to be greater in the experimental group however, osteoclastic activity was observed to be higher in the control group. At 2 and 4 weeks, there was a significant difference in the amount of newly regenerated bone observed in the experimental group compared with the control group (P<0.05). Therefore, the results of the present study indicated that local ABS application had a positive effect on bone healing in the OVX rat model.