Pharmacobotanical study of Hypericum thymopsis
Hypericum thymopsis Boiss., Hypericaceae, is an endemic herb which generally grows at the calcareous steppe regions of Central Turkey. In flowering stage, the aerial parts of this species are used for wound healing and sedation, and its infusions are used against stomach diseases and throat infections by local people. The aim of this study, to examine and to reveal of the morphology, anatomy and histology of the aerial vegetative and reproductive organs of the H. thymopsis, which are used in popular medicine and thus contributing to the pharmacognostic evaluation of the species. In comparison with previous published morphological description of the species, some different findings about plant height and leaf length were found. In addition, some morphological characteristics such as dimensions of sepals and ovaries, length of filaments, anthers, pistils and pedicels were examined here for the first time. The anatomical characteristics of stem, leaf, sepal, filament and pistil were studied using light microscopy and additionally for stem and leaf using scanning electron microscopy. The stem has the secondary growth, and circular shape. The leaves are amphistomatic and the mesophyll is dorsiventral. Stomata areanisocytic and sunken. The glandiferous emergences are present on stem and translucent glands exist in leaf mesophyll. Type A secretory canals are present in stem, leaf, sepal and petal cross section. While type B secretory canals are observed in sepal and petal, type C secretory canals are observed solely in ovary cross section. All the structural features herein found can assist the diagnosis of H. thymopsis. (C) 2016 Sociedade Brasileira de Farmacognosia. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda.