Gender-related differences in presentation and treatment of patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation: results from RAMSES study
Aykan, Ahmet Cagri
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Objective: Gender is an important feature in the management of atrial fibrillation (AF). This study investigated gender-related differences in patients with AF in Turkey. Methods: As a part of RAMSES (ReAl-life Multicenter Survey Evaluating Stroke prevention strategies in Turkey, NCT02344901) study, information of the patients with AF who successively applied to the hospital was analyzed. This cross-sectional, multi-center, nationwide observational study enrolled 6264 non-valvular AF (NVAF) outpatients (55.9% women) from Turkey. Results: Compared with men, women with NVAF were older (71 years [range: 65-78 years] vs. 70 years [range: 62-77 years]; p<0.001), had lower frequency of coronary artery disease (22.0% vs. 38.3%; p<0.001) and congestive heart failure (18.2% vs. 27.2%; p<0.001). Women had higher median CHA(2)DS(2)-VASc score (4 [range: 3-5] vs. 3 [range: 2-4]; p<0.001), but similar HAS-BLED score (2 [range: 1-2] vs. 2 [range: 1-2]; p=0.141) when compared with men. Anticoagulant therapy use was higher in women (74.5% vs. 69.9%; p<0.001). Analysis of anticoagulation therapy use revealed that 68.5% of men and 61.6% of women (p=0.204) who had low risk for stroke (CHA(2)DS(2)-VASc score: 0 [male], 1 [female]) received anticoagulation therapy, and 30.5% of the men. Meanwhile, 25.3% of the women (p<0.001) with high risk for stroke (CHA(2)DS(2)-VASc score: >= 1 [male], >= 2 [female]) had not received any anticogulant therapy. Conclusion: Although women with NVAF receive better treatment than men, anticoagulation therapy is suboptimal in large proportion of men and women, with underuse in high-risk patients and overuse in low-risk patients. There is an urgent need to improve optimization of anticoagulation in patients with NVAF.