Evaluation of 61 Secondary Amyloidosis Patients: A Single-Center Experience from Turkey
Kockara, Ayse Seker
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Aim: To evaluate demographic,clinical and laboratory characteristics. causes, MEFV gene mutations, and mortality rates of patients with secondary amyloidosis. Material and Method: 61 patients who had been diagnosed with secondary amyloidosis by renal and rectal biopsy between 2007 and 2013 in the nephrology clinic of Cumhuriyet University. Faculty of Medicine, were included in the study. Demographic characteristics, causes of secondary amyloidosis, MEFV gene mutations, end-stage renal failure (ESRF), renal transplantation, and mortality rates were examined retrospectively. Results: In etiological terms, Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) occurrence was 62.2% (38), bronchiectasis and emphysema 9.8% (6), tuberculosis 4.9% (3), coexistence of FMF and ankylosing spondylitis 3.2% (2), coexistence of FMF and rheumatoid arthritis 1.60,6 (1), coexistence of FMF and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) 1.6% (1), osteomyelitis 1.6% (1). septic arthritis 1.6% (1), Crohn's disease 1.6% (1), colon cancer 1.6% (1), coexistence of bronchiect-axis and tuberculosis 1.6% (1), rheumatoid arthritis 1.6% (1), and idiopathic cases 6.5% (4). Proteinuria was determined at nephrotic level among 68% (32) of 47 patients who had secondary amyloidosis. MEFV gene mutation of 45 patients with secondary amyloidosis was assessed. Most patients had M694V gene mutation. Surprisingly, we detected heterozygous 61480 mutation in 3 cases. 12 cases died; of these, 9 had ESRF. Five cases with ESRF underwent renal transplantation. Discussion: We found FMF as the most common cause for secondary AA amyloidosis in this study. Further studies should be done with larger or multicenter cohorts.