Rotavirus and adenovirus gastroenteritis: time series analysis
Gozel, Mustafa Gokhan
Bakici, Mustafa Zahir
Guven, Ahmet Sami
MetadataShow full item record
BackgroundThis study investigated the effects of changes in weather conditions (monthly average temperature, monthly minimum temperature, monthly average humidity) on rotavirus and adenovirus gastroenteritis frequency and whether there was a seasonal correlation. MethodsBetween 2006 and 2012, 4702 fecal samples were taken from patients 5 years of age with acute gastroenteritis; these samples were analyzed in terms of rotavirus group A and adenovirus serotype 40-41 antigens using time-series and negative binomial regression analysis. ResultsRotavirus antigens were found in 797 samples (17.0%), adenovirus antigens in 113 samples (2.4%), and rotavirus and adenovirus antigens together in 16 samples (0.3%). There was a seasonal change in rotavirus gastroenteritis (P < 0.001), and a 1 degrees C decrease in average temperature increased the ratio of rotavirus cases in those with diarrhea by 0.523%. In addition, compared with data from other years, the number of patients was lower in the first month of 2008 and in the second month of 2012, when the temperature was below -20 degrees C (monthly minimum temperature). There was no statistically significant relationship between adenovirus infection and change in weather conditions. ConclusionVarious factors such as change in weather conditions, as well as the population's sensitivity and associated changes in activity, play a role in the spread of rotavirus infection.