FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH SUICIDE ATTEMPTS IN PATIENTS WITH BIPOLAR DISORDER TYPE I
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Background: The aim of this study is to identify the risk factors that are associated with suicide attempts in patients with bipolar disorder type I. Subjects and methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted with inpatients and outpatients with BD type I. Patients who met the study inclusion criteria (n=91) were evaluated in terms of sociodemographic variables, history of childhood trauma, comorbidity of adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder, and the course of the disease. The patients were divided into two groups: those with a history of suicide attempts and those without a history of suicide attempts. The parameters of the study groups were compared with t and chi-square tests as appropriate. Logistic regression was used to identify the predictors of suicide attempt. Results: Logistic regression analysis of the study parameters suggested that the number of major depressive episodes (odds ratio: 7.18; 95% confidence interval: 1.84-28) and history of emotional neglect (odds ratio: 1.83; 95% confidence interval: 1.15-2.90) were significant predictors of suicide attempt in patients with BD. Conclusion: In BD type I patients with a history of suicide attempts, the number of depressive episodes and emotional neglect, a subtype of childhood traumas, were the most remarkable risk factors. Considering the frequency of depressive episodes during the course of the disease and assessing traumas including those in childhood may help predict future suicide attempts in patients with BD.