BACTERICIDAL EFFECTS OF VARIOUS IRRIGATION SOLUTIONS AGAINST STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS IN HUMAN ROOT CANAL
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Purpose: The aim of the present study was to evaluate and to compare the antibacterial effects of various irrigation solutions against Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) in human root canals. Materials and Methods: 120 single-root mandibular premolar teeth were selected. The teeth were prepared and sterilized. S. aureus was incubated in the root canals and kept at 37 degrees C for 24h. The infected root canals were divided into one positive (saline) and one negative (sodium hypochlorite) control, and four experimental groups [Ethylene-diaminetetraaceticacid, Chlorhexidine Gluconate, Super-oxidized water(SPO), Aqueous ozone] (n= 20). Flow rate of irrigation was applied with 5 mL/min flow rate for 3 min to ensure standardization among all study groups. Following the irrigation, paper points were placed in the root canals and then transferred in sterile eppendorf. Remaining bacteria were counted on blood agar plates and the data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and Tukey's test. Results: Although there were statistically significant differences among SPO and other experimental groups (p< 0.05), there was no statistically significant difference between SPO and NaOCl (p> 0.05). Conclusion: Super-oxidized water may be recommended as an alternative irrigation solution instead of NaOCl against S. aureus in root canals.