Oxidative stress in the adult and pediatric patients with Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever
Guven, F. Mutlu Kukul
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Background & objectives: Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) can be fatal with bleeding, shock and disseminated intravascular coagulopathy (DIC). Although similar genetic strains have been defined, the causes of the clinical differences between the cases are yet to be found. We aimed to demonstrate the balance between oxidant and antioxidant system in CCHF. Methods: In this study, the patient group consisted of 72 cases with a positive diagnosis of CCHF according to PCR/ELISA outcome among the patients referred to Cumhuriyet University, Medical Faculty in 2010. A total of 74 volunteers who were not having any viral or metabolic disease, non-smokers and age and sex matched with the patients group were enrolled as the control group. Both in the controls and the patients, individuals aged under 16 yr were defined as group 1 and the individuals aged over 16 yr as group 2. The serum samples were stored at -80 degrees C until the study was carried out. All the samples were simultaneously thawed. In these cases, total antioxidant capacity (TAC), total oxidative status (TOS), oxidative stress index (OSI), lipid peroxide (LPO), paraoxonase (PON) and arylesterase were analyzed with the ELISA method. OSI was calculated. Results: Levels of TOS, OSI and LPO were found significantly higher in CCHF patients in both the groups (p<0.05), whereas levels of TAC, PON1 and arylesterase were lower in CCHF patients compared to the controls, but low level of TAC in the group 1 was not statistically significant. Interpretation & conclusion: Our study demonstrated increased oxidative stress in CCHF patients in both groups 1 and 2. In order to prevent tissue damage which might be developed due to the oxidative stress in CCHF patients, further comprehensive studies should be conducted to define whether the adding antioxidants to the treatment would be helpful or not.