Deformation of slopes as a cause of underground mining activities: three case studies from Ostrava-Karvina coal field (Czech Republic)
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Underground mining activities may potentially play a role on the initiation and reactivation of the slope movements. However, an adequate attention has not yet been paid to these problems; in this study, the possible influence of present and former mining activities on the selected set of model slope deformations in the Ostrava-Karvina Coalfield (Opliji, Repiste and Orlova Lazy District) was analysed and a methodology for their observation for application to similar conditions and influence was described. Isocatabase maps, terrain deformation parameters calculated for the point lying on the slope deformation surface, length measurement by zone extensometer and dilatometer measurement in cracks was also provided for evaluation of the underground mining impact. It was found that inclinations of both boreholes were evidence of underground mining impact, and localization of inclinometer measurement on boreholes in the active part as well as in the near vicinity was very important as an important result of this study. Analysis of underground mining activity influence on model localities in relation to performed mining operations, subsidence and other influences on the ground surface was also determined. Thus, the study will contribute to a more objective knowledge of these problems of interest for the professional public and also for the state administration to solve problems associated with the utilisation and settlement of such affected areas.