A Crosslinked Carboxylic Acid Containing Cation Exchange Monolithic Cryogel for Human Serum Albumin Separation
For this work, we synthesized poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-acrylamide)-acrylic acid (poly(NIPAM-Am)-AAc) monolithic cryogel for a human serum albumin separation (HSA) from a protein mixture (human serum immunoglobulin, human serum albumin and lysozyme) and performed HSA adsorption studies using the cryogel to do continuous system experiments in a syringe column connected by a peristaltic pump. Poly(NIPAM-Am)-AAc with a pore size of 10-100 mu m was produced by free radical polymerization that proceeded in an aqueous solution of monomers frozen inside a syringe column. The monolithic poly(NIPAM-Am)-AAc cryogel was characterized by performing swelling studies, FTIR and SEM that showed a swelling ratio of 6.2 g H2O/g dry cryogel. The maximum HSA adsorption by the cryogel was 42.5 mg/g polymer at pH 4.0 in a 50 mM acetate buffer. We also studied the effect of two different temperatures (25 and 40 degrees C). The higher temperature increased the adsorption capacity of the cryogel. HSA molecules could be reversibly adsorbed and desorbed five times with the same poly(NIPAM-Am)-AAc cryogel without a noticeable loss of their HSA adsorption capacity. The synthesized cryogel was used to separate albumin from the protein mixture. Adsorbed albumin was eluted by changing the pH of the buffer (pH 7.0 and 25 degrees C). Poly(NIPAM-Am)-AAc monolithic cryogel behaved as a cation exchange column because of its functional carboxylic group.