Abatement of nitrous oxide over natural and iron modified natural zeolites
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The natural zeolite obtained from the Sivas-Yavu region in Turkey and iron modified forms were studied for the decomposition of N(2)O and selective catalytic reduction of N(2)O with NH(3). The natural and iron modified zeolites were characterised by XRD, SEM, H(2)-TPR, NH(3)-TPD and low temperature nitrogen sorption. The effect iron loading, precursor and valency on the catalytic performance of catalysts were studied. The catalytic activity of the zeolites increased up to about 7.0 wt.% Fe. Above this value, the activity decreased as a result of a reduction in the surface area and pore volume of the zeolite. The highest catalytic activity was observed using catalysts prepared with FeCl(2) due to the formation of more reducible iron species in the zeolites. When FeSO(4) was used as the iron precursor, sulphate remained on the surface even after extensive washing resulting in a decrease in the N(2)O decomposition activity and a shift the N(2)O reduction temperature to higher values. Since the natural and iron exchanged natural zeolites prepared using FeCl(2) have comparable activity with synthetic zeolites, the offer a promising alternative catalyst for the abatement of N(2)O, particularly for the selective reduction of N(2)O with NH(3). (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.