A Case of Acute Renal Failure Caused by Hodgkin's Lymphoma: Concurrent Membranous Glomerulonephritis and Interstitial HL-CD 20 Lymphoid Infiltration
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Although acute renal failure developing due to malignancies is a frequent condition, malignant renal infiltration is rarely observed among these causes. Among all malignant diseases, the hematolymphoid malignancies are the most prone to renal infiltration. Other types involved in cases with lymphoma are glomerulopathies, including immune-complex glomerular diseases such as minimal change disease, membranous glomerulonephritis, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. We present herein the rare case of a 22-year-old male with both membranous glomerulonephritis and CD20 (+) lymphoid infiltration related to Hodgkin's lymphoma in the renal interstitial tissue, as detected on biopsy. The patient was treated with adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine protocol after pulse corticosteroid treatment, and a dramatic improvement in renal function was observed after 2 days of treatment. In this article, an exceptional renal involvement of Hodgkin's lymphoma is discussed in light of the related literature.