Macroanatomic investigations on the course and distribution of the celiac artery in domestic fowl (Gallus gallus domesticus)
The aim of this study was to investigate the course and distribution of the celiac artery macroanatomically in the domestic fowl. A total of eight (four males, four females) domestic fowls (Gallus gallus domesticus: Galliformes) were used in the study. The materials were injected with red colored latex and corrosion casted with mono and polymethylmethacrylate (takilon) through the descending aorta in the domestic fowl. The branching pattern and distribution of the celiac artery were documented. The celiac artery arose from laterally to the right wall of the descending aorta in the domestic fowl. It was detected that it gave off the esophageal artery, dorsal proventricular artery and terminated by diverging into the left and right branches. It was observed that the branches and distribution of the celiac artery were not gender dependent and differed from the other aves and mammals.