The effect of the sampling strategies on the landslide susceptibility mapping by conditional probability and artificial neural networks
This study presented herein compares the effect of the sampling strategies by means of landslide inventory on the landslide susceptibility mapping. The conditional probability (CP) and artificial neural networks (ANN) models were applied in Sebinkarahisar (Giresun-Turkey). Digital elevation model was first constructed using a geographical information system software and parameter maps affecting the slope stability such as geology, faults, drainage system, topographical elevation, slope angle, slope aspect, topographic wetness index, stream power index and normalized difference vegetation index were considered. In the last stage of the analyses, landslide susceptibility maps were produced applying different sampling strategies such as; scarp, seed cell and point. The maps elaborated were then compared by means of their validations. Scarp sampling strategy gave the best results than the point, whereas the scarp and seed cell methods can be evaluated relatively similar. Comparison of the landslide susceptibility maps with known landslide locations indicated that the higher accuracy was obtained for ANN model using the scarp sampling strategy. The results obtained in this study also showed that the CP model can be used as a simple tool in assessment of the landslide susceptibility, because input process, calculations and output process are very simple and can be readily understood.