Analysis of different combustion chamber geometries using hydrogen / diesel fuel in a diesel engine
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In this study, the effects on combustion characteristics and emission were investigated in a direct injection diesel engine. In experimental and numerical studies, the engine was operated at 2000 rpm. The analyzes were made in the AVL-FIRE ESE Diesel part with Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) software. Standard combustion chamber (SCC) and Modified combustion chamber (MCC) geometry were compared in the modeling. By means of the designed MCC combustion chamber geometry, the fuel released from the injector was directed to the piston bowl area. Therefore, the mixture was homogenized and the combustion had been improved. In addition, the evaporation rate of the mixture increased with the MCC geometry. Also, lower NO and CO emissions were obtained with the MCC model compared to the SCC model. On the other hand, diesel fuel and mass 5% hydrogen fuel was used into diesel fuel as fuel in the study. The combustion process was investigated using hydrogen in different combustion chambers. The use of hydrogen as additional fuel resulted in higher combustion pressure, temperature and NO emissions. Compared to SCC type combustion chamber in the MCC type combustion chamber used diesel fuel, CO emission decreased of 6% and 3% for hydrogen-added mixture fuel. Also, compared to SCC type combustion chamber in the MCC type combustion chamber used diesel fuel, NO emission decreased of 11% and 32% for hydrogen-added mixture fuel. Moreover, flame velocity, heat release rate and flame propagation increased with the addition of hydrogen fuel.