Association between the soluble epoxide hydrolase gene and preeclampsia
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Objective: In this study the association between K55R polymorphism, methylation level of the EPHX2 promoter region, and PE was investigated in 520 individuals including 260 PE patients and 260 healthy pregnant women.Methods: K55R polymorphism and methylation level of the EPHX2 promoter were determined by the real-time PCR using double-dye hydrolysis probes and methylation-sensitive high-resolution melting analysis, respectively.Results: The presence of the K55R polymorphism was significantly higher in cases (28.1%) than controls (17.3%), and was associated with increased risk of PE (OR: 1.86; 95% CI: 1.09-2.63). Methylation levels of the EPHX2 promoter region in cases were significantly lower than controls. A 2.83 times increased PE risk was observed in pregnant women with EPHX2 promoter methylation levels of <25% (OR: 2.83; 95% CI: 1.15-6.91).Conclusion: In conclusion, hypomethylation of the promoter region of EPHX2 and K55R polymorphism were associated with significant increased risk of PE. sEH enzyme may play a role in the pathogenesis of PE by contributing to reduction of the vasodilatator, anti-hypertensive, and anti-inflammatory effects of EETs by rapid degradation of these molecules.