A cost effective parameter for predicting the troponin elevation in patients with carbon monoxide poisoning: red cell distribution width
MetadataShow full item record
OBJECTIVE: Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning is very common worldwide. Despite the fact that CO is known to have cardiotoxic effects, as it has non-specific symptoms; cardiotoxicity could easily be overlooked, especially when troponin is not measured. The present study aimed to evaluate the association between troponin I levels and red cell distribution width (RDW) levels, which can be measured rapidly, easily, and afforda-bly in the Emergency Room (ER). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This single-center observational study included a total of 504 consecutive patients, who presented to the ER due to CO poisoning between January 2011 and June 2015. The diagnosis of CO poisoning was made according to the medical history and carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) level of >5%. Elevated troponin test levels, which measure >0.04 ng/ml for our laboratory, were accepted as positive. RESULTS: Patients (mean age 37 +/- 14) were classified into two groups: those who had positive troponin levels (38%) and those that did not. Patients with positive troponin, who were older, had longer CO exposure time and higher creatinine, COHb and RDW levels at the index admission following CO poisoning than patients with negative troponin. In a multivariate logistic regression model with forward stepwise method, age, COHb level, CO exposure time, and RDW (HR=1.681, 95% CI: 1.472-1.934, p<0.001) remained asso-ciated with an increased risk of troponin positivity following adjustment for the variables that were statis-tically significant in the univariate analysis and correlated with RDW. CONCLUSIONS: In patients presenting to the ER with CO poisoning, RDW can be helpful for the risk stratification of tro-ponin positivity.