The relationship of patent foramen ovale location with severity of stroke: A new risk factor for paradoxical embolism
AuthorErkoc, Mustafa Fatih
MetadataShow full item record
Objective: Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is a common developmental anomaly and is well associated with paradoxical embolism and cryptogenic stroke. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship of PFO location with severity of cryptogenic stroke. Materials and methods: Fifty patients with cryptogenic stroke and echocardiographically proven PFO were classified according to the severity of stroke. In order to define the location of PFOs, an imaginary line dividing the length of interatrial septum vertically into two equal parts was drawn manually at axial plane on cardiac multidetector computed tomography. PFOs located at superior part of this imaginary line was defined as superiorly located PFO, while PFOs located at inferior part of this imaginary line was defined as inferiorly located PFO. Results: Fourteen patients (28%) revealed mild, 20 patients (40%) revealed moderate and 16 patients (32%) had severe stroke. Based on PFO location, there were 34 patients (68%) with superiorly (group 1), and 16 patients (32%) with inferiorly (group 2) located PFO. It was found that patients of group 1 had significantly higher frequency of moderate or severe stroke compared to those of group 2 (p < 0.005) Conclusion: In conclusion, the patients with superiorly located PFO had higher frequency of severe stroke compared to the patients with inferiorly located PFO. Since this is a preliminary study, clinical application and importance of this finding necessitates further large-scale interventional studies.